Why Wild Horses Live Longer
Wild horses tend to enjoy a longer lifetime since their genetic make up has not been tampered with. Horses living out in the wild can live for an estimate of 30 years, their bodies are adaptable to the wild conditions. When interbreeding of horses occurs in an effort to improve on quality, there is one major drawback. While the hybrid horses are fairy stronger and more productive, they have a shorter lifespan. In the process of tweaking a horse’s genetic make up, the resulting offspring lives a shorter life than the pure breed. This is the cost of genetically improving a horse in an effort to improve on its quality and endurance.
Racing horses have the shortest lifespan, this is a result of the extreme conditioning that a racing horse has to go through. While trying a horse to its physical peak, the demanding task takes a toll on the health of such horses. Horses in the wild do not face such performance pressure, these wild mustangs can live longer because their growth is not rushed. Racing horses are loaded with performance enhancing drugs that speed up the aging process. Due to immense performance pressure, racing horses tend to have a lifespan of 10 to 15 years.
Mules used to perform farming tasks such as pulling carts suffer from intense workloads. Working a horse too hard takes a toll on its health and ultimately leads to an early death. Some farmers are abusive, such farmers view these horses as nothing more than a work tool. These beasts of labor receive little care when compared to horses groomed for competitions. When a domesticated horse used for farming falls ill and the disease is terminal, farmers do not invest as much in treating it. Since the animal’s productivity has been compromised, a farmer will opt to put it out of its misery and cut on cost.
When a horse is removed from its natural setting and moved to a relatively new climate, it might not adapt as well to the new setting. Some breeds of horses can only be bred in certain regions. If you introduce such a horse to a fairly new climatic environment, the animal might fail to adapt to its new home and die. Horses are not as adaptable to new weather like people. While a person is more intelligent andcan survive anywhere given the right resources, a horse is limited to a certain optimum environment that it thrives in.
Horses that were used to wild living have a hard adjustment period in terms of diet as their new owners try to break them. Wild horses are used to a more diverse diet from their free roam feeding habits. Since they are used to a particular style of feeding, feeding at regular hours on a relatively new diet is a hard adjustment that horses have to make. If a horse does not adjust to its new feeding pattern, it will wither away due to a failure to meet its dietary requirements.
In the instance a horse is under the care of a third-rate farmer, poor care can hasten its death. While some breeds are more resilient and require little care to thrive, there are more delicate breeds that require plenty of care to grow into maturity. A horse breeder has to choose well what type of horse to raise in a farm. The more demanding breeds are labor-intensive and more delicate. To ensure you get the most out of your animal, keep a breed that fits your ideal profile. Poor feeding habits, untreated diseases and brutal handling are the leading causes of deaths in domesticated horses.
Domesticated horses, especially those used to carry out daily farming tasks such as pulling a cart enjoy minimal amount of rest during certain seasons. During the harvest season, a farmer is usually busy ferrying the produce to and fro. It is during these periods that these domesticated horses endure the highest exhaustion. When using a horse to travel, you have to take proper care of it, from the right saddle and horse shoes to how you feed the animal during your journey. Mistreatment of horses by poor care-givers leads to poor health that ultimately leads to the early death of a horse.